Thursday, 10 December 2009
The Brazilian people is composed of several ethnic groups
Most of the population can be considered a single "Brazilian" ethnic group, with highly varied racial types and backgrounds, some broad regional trends, but without clear ethnic sub-divisions. The major source of this diversity has been the sources of immigration from Europe, Middle East and Asia. The only clearly separated minority ethnic groups in Brazil are the various non-assimilated indigenous tribes, comprising less than 1% of the population, who live in officially delimited reservations and either avoid contact with non-indigenous Brazilians, or have assimilated mainstream Brazilian culture to some extent but still constitute separate social and political communities.
In large part, the population descends from early European settlers — chiefly Portuguese, but also some Spaniard, French and Dutch —, African slaves ( Yoruba, Ewe, Bantu, and others), and assimilated indigenous peoples (mostly Tupi and Guarani, but also of many other ethnic groups). Trans-ethnic marriages and concubinates have been common and well accepted ever since the first Portuguese settlers arrived. Starting in the late 19th century Brazil received substantial immigration from several other countries, mainly Italy, Germany, Spain, Poland, Lebanon and Syria (mostly Christians), Ukraine, Russia and Lithuania, Hungary and Armenia, Japan, China and Korea. Jewish people, both from Ashkenazi and Sephardi ascent, form considerably large communities, especially in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. Many Brazilians of Portuguese and Spanish ascent also have some Jewish blood, as they descend from new christians which fled to America.
The descendants of the European immigrants, particularly the Germans, Italians, and Poles, are largely concentrated in the southern part of the country, in the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná, and São Paulo; these states, together with the Spanish speaking countries of Argentina and Uruguay have a large majority of people of European descent. In the rest of the country, most of the white population is of older settler stock. In the mid-southern states of Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul and in the Federal District of Brasilia, the number of whites is somewhat equal to the number of Afro-Brazilian and Mixed Race Brazilians. In the Northeast, which received large masses of African slaves to work in sugarcane, tobacco and cotton plantations, people of African descent are dominant. The city of Salvador da Bahia is considered one of the largest black cities of the World. Many poorer people from the Northeast have migrated to the large cities of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo in the south, helping improve the racial melting pot that characterizes these two megalopolises. In the Northwest (covering largely the Brazilian Amazon), great part of the population has distinguisheable ethnic characteristics that emphasize their Native Brazilian roots. In fact, it is the only region where Mixed-Race Brazilians have distinct Indian traces. This is due to recent colonization by other ethhic groups, which have merged with the Indigenous tribes that lived there. This region, however, is not very populated, and these Mixed-Race people with noticeable Indigenous origins (named "caboclos") represent only a tiny part of the entire Brazilian population.
Curiously, although only a few states have people of European origin as their majoritary ethnic group, they concentrate the majority of Brazil's population, and thus, have a higher demographic density. This tends to equilibrate ethnic groups in Brazil, which accounts slightly more than 50% of its population as "white". It should be taken into account that many whites in Brazil (non-conclusive research indicates that about 30% of Brazilian whites) have some degree of Native American or African origin. This is not a surprise in the Americas, especially because at the beginning of immigration, European men outnumbered largely European women in that continent, and inter-racial marriages were necessary (and in many cases, desirable, in order to estabilish alliances between Europeans and Indians). Also, when Africans were brought as slaves, it was common to find mixed-race children of woman slaves and their masters (called mulattoes). Some of them were freed, and eventualy married white people. After some generations of breeding with white people, their African ancestry could not be noticed, and, thus, they were regarded as white. Both facts have occurred because in Brazil, there is no law that characterizes race according to someone's ancestors. People with light skin and European traces would be considered white, especially if no one knows who were their ancestors. As this piece of information could be kept hidden as a family secret, many whites of old settler stock do not know that they might have non-European ancestors. Also, the parameters for "white" in Latin-American cultures are not so rigid as in the US and Canada. In Portugal and Spain, dark hair and eyes are not an exception, and it is much easier to find people with darker (or more tanned skin) there than in Northern Europe.
The Brazilian people has a diversified ethnic origin. First roll from left to right: White (Portuguese, German, Italian and Arab, respectively) and Asian Brazilians. Second roll from left to right: African, Brown (Cafuzo, Mulatto and Caboclo, respectively) and Native Brazilians.
it's just a suggestion about people and the faith.:
A Escrava Isaura 1976 Abertura da novela A Escrava Isaura
Movie about the brazilian capoeira legend Besouro Mangangá. Produced by Mixer and Globo Films, distributed by Miravista, the film is directed by João Daniel Tikhomiroff.
Roteiro turístico na região nordeste do Rio Grande do Sul, colonizada predominante por alemães e italianos
ITALIANOS/ITALIANS - BRAZIL
RUSSOS IN BRAZIL
AUSTRIACOS IN BRAZIL
SOURCE by wikipedia, darsham(youtube), Tubodobesouro (youtube), eliasjr1962 (youtube), TurinViagens (http://www.turinviagens.com.br) EMMartelli (Youtube), BuenoVideo1 (youtube) dvigo7(youtube) pelinordeadeje (youtube) and SBT REPORTER